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What is the difference between deep vein thrombosis and arterial thrombosis?

Thrombosis, the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, is the leading cause of illness and death in the world. It can affect the circulatory system inside the veins as well as the arteries.

Clotting is a normal process that helps stop bleeding in the event of a cut to the skin. But when a clot forms in a deep vein or artery the blood flow slows down. Thrombosis is a life-threatening condition because the clot that forms can break off and migrate through blood vessels to different organs – brain, heart, and lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism, stroke, or heart attack.

Depending on the blood vessel in which the clot forms, thrombosis is classified into deep vein thrombosis and arterial thrombosis. Both vascular complications have several risk factors, such as age, obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, and metabolic syndrome.

What are the differences between the two types of thrombosis?

Deep vein thrombosis is a medical condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein. These clots usually develop in the lower leg, thigh, or pelvis, but can also occur in the arm. Deep vein thrombosis can happen to anyone and can cause serious illness, disability, and, in some cases, death. The most serious complication occurs when part of the clot breaks off and travels through the bloodstream to the lungs. A condition known as pulmonary embolism occurs when a blockage forms. If the clot is small with proper treatment people can recover. However, some damage to the lungs may remain. If the clot is large, it can stop blood from reaching the lungs and is fatal.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) symptoms may include leg pain, swelling, tenderness, and redness of the skin. However, some people may not experience any symptoms until complications arise.

Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are serious, often under-diagnosed but preventable medical conditions.

Deep vein thrombosis can be caused by lifestyle or genetic factors and is always a medical emergency. The risk of developing thrombosis decreases with the elimination or reduction of harmful lifestyle factors such as smoking, sedentary lifestyles, especially leg immobilization in plaster casts, prolonged bed rest after surgery, prolonged sitting during long journeys, poor fluid intake, high-fat diet, and overweight. 

The risk increases with the presence of conditions such as thrombophilia, atrial fibrillation, lupus, certain benign and malignant tumors, varicose veins, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Arterial thrombosis is a medical condition that occurs when a blood clot develops in an artery. It is dangerous because it can block or stop blood flow to major organs such as the heart or brain.

If a blood clot narrows one or more arteries leading to the heart, muscle pain known as angina can occur. A blood clot blocking the arteries leading to part of the heart muscle will cause a heart attack. If it blocks an artery in the brain, it will cause a stroke.  

So the symptoms depend on where the blood clot has formed. Arterial thrombosis is often caused by atherosclerosis. Fat deposits build up on the walls of the arteries and cause them to harden and narrow.

To prevent arterial thrombosis, it is important to adopt a healthy lifestyle. This includes quitting smoking, participating in physical activities, reducing salt and saturated fat intake, and incorporating sports into one’s routine.

The risk of thrombosis formation can also be reduced with the help of natural supplements, which support the proper functioning of the blood flow. HRI-Vitalion Plus tablets contain bioactive ingredients that work together to support normal blood flow and improve blood vessel health by regenerating the vascular walls.

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